From the Virginia Department of Aviation:
Private-use Airports Within Five-Miles of a Public-use Airport
The licensing requirement for a private-use airport, heliport or landing area within five miles of a public-use airport is a one-time process designed to provide public review of an individual’s desire to build or locate a private-use airport on private property. Public review, by the Department is required of an individual’s right to locate an airport on their property anytime the location of that airport may conflict with the airspace of a public-use facility. Because the Federal Aviation Administration must approve the airspace for any airport, the Department’s review and hence, the licensing requirement is part of the public review process. There is no fee to license a private-use airport, and owners of other private-use airports are only required to register their airports with the Department. The license runs concurrently with the staggered license renewal period of public-use airports by geographic areas of the State according to Virginia Aviation Board Areas of Responsibility.
Owners of private-use airports not within five miles of a public-use airport are only required to register their airports with the Department.
For additional information contact the Department of Aviation’s Licensing Section at 804-236-3637 or 1-800-292-1034, (Extension: 102).
Building Your Own Turf Airstrip